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of philosophy and ethics

Jesus in the gospels meets the doctors of the Law and tells them: Woe to you experts in the Law, because you have taken away the key to knowledge. You yourselves have not entered, and you have hindered those who where entering", Luke 11:52.
To understand what it is the key to knowledge, it is necessary to understand what it is a doctor of the Law. The medicine is a science, there is the one that is ignorant of medicine, the one who opines about medicine and the one who knows about medicine. What is the name of the one who knows about medicine? Doctor in medicine. A doctor of the Law is a person trained to teach the commandments of God, that is to say a doctor of the Law is a religious figure formed in the books of the Old Testament, like Nicodemus.
We say that wisdom and philosophy are sciences, wisdom is the science of the ultimate and the first causes, the science of the truth and the substance. What is the name of the one who knows about philosophy and wisdom? Doctor of philosophy and doctor of wisdom respectively, but here is a detail, a doctor of philosophy is a person who made five years of a career in the university and did a doctorate. Instead a doctor of wisdom is a person trained by God to give "learn", "knowledge" of the divine science (wisdom) through listening (gift of consel), in the Christian faith this is known as being fullfilled with the holy spirit, In the Christian faith we are doctors of wisdom in the sacrament of confirmation.
Jesus resolves as a doctor of wisdom in several cases in the Bible by resolving with the Gift of Counsel:"Give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's", Matthew 22:21; also:"Let him who is without sin among you be the first to cast a stone at her", John 8:7.
Jesus as a Doctor of wisdom confronts the Doctors of the Law and denounces them for preventing people from entering to the Kingdom of God. The Kingdom of God is the empire, kingdom, government of the divine perfections (spiritual gifts): empire of godliness, kingdom of mercy, government of perseverance. To enter the Kingdom of God, that is, to enter in the culture of excellence (the spiritual gifts are excellencies and perfections) we need the "key", that is, the wisdom. The wisdom is the knowledge of the correct means to live, and to live the spiriutal gifts is to seek the correct and the best, the correct for the gift of counsel and the best for the mercy. We need the key to knowledge to enter to the Kingdom of God.
The Doctors of the Law of Moses, Jesus denounces, oppress the people by plunging them into ignorance and error (heresy), by reducing spirituality to the simple practice of the commandments. The commandments do not obligate us to help our neighbor. We need the science of wisdom (key to knowledge) to live in communion with God and our neighbor. You can comply with all the Law of Moses and sin, passing away from our neighbor, as in the Parable of the Good Samaritan.

In the Letter to the Romans there is a statement: "The invisible of God has become perceptible through the knowledge of the created" 1 Rom 20 (Q 79 A9). That is, there are eternal truths and temporal truths.
Thomas Aquinas in the Summa Theologiae wrote: "the superior reason tries to consult the eternal" Q 79 A9, also affirms: "the inferior reason tries to consider and consult the temporal" Q 79 A9.
Thomas Aquinas makes a difference between the natural reason or inferior and superior also called gift of science or knowledge.
From there the expression in the scriptures: "Renew yourselves in the spirit of your mind", Ephesians 4:23 (Q79, A 13); also: "No one can see the Kingdom of God unless they are born again", John 3:3; as well: "He opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures", Luke 24:45
Reason and spiritual gift of knowledge are different concepts. The reason is the essence of man, man is defined as "rational animal", animal gifted with reason. Instead the Gift of knowledge is the same intelligence of God, is one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
The reason represents a state of deprivation. The opinion and ignorance are deprivations of the knowledge. A blind man and a mole are deprived of the sense of the sight in different ways. We say that a being is deprivate when it has not something that by its own nature it belongs.
The nature of man is the conformity to God, the nature of man is the adult life. In adult life we are participates of the gift of knowledge. Without this gift is impossible to understand the scriptures. The scriptures require the use of this gift. We need to discern between good and evil to choose what is good.
The concept of reason is a limitation of the intelligence, rationally lack of the guidance of God, or to say the eternal life. Through the gift of knowledge we can see the truth of the Scriptures, because the characteristics of this spiritual gift are "precision" and "accuracy". There is no error in the spiritual gift of knowledge.
Open the intelligence, open the thought is the grace who makes us participates God, through the constancy (gift of fear of the lord) in the good (gift of righteousness).

The abundance, the prosperity and the wealth are the result of the minimization of error in the long term, that is, when we act ethically for a prolonged period of time, in simpler terms "work hard" with applied intelligence. Heresy, that is, the teaching of error and the ignorance are the origin of the culture of poverty. You cannot prosper in the long term without ethics, as the prophet says in Hosea 4: 6: "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge".
The sermon on the mountain (Matthew 5, Luke 6) given by Jesus explains that the divine blessings are for those who choose the blessed life, that is, the ethical life. But when an action is ethical? When an action is blessed? When an action is guided by the holy spirit? God is the perfection in the highest degree, to God correspond the perfections of all things. The gifts are perfections ("Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect", Matthew 5:48). To say that God is perfect and that gifts are perfections is to say that God is the source of the good and that all the spiritual gifts are good. Everything that is perfect is by itself good because it is complete. This is why living the spiritual gifts is living ethically. Jesus says "I am the way, the truth and the life", John 14: 6. The spiritual gifts are way because we grow, the spiritual gifts tend to improvement, increasing, the gifts are progressive, that is the reason why Jesus teaches with Parables, to teach the progressiveness of the spiritual gifts. The spiritual gifts have a condition of truth, that is, they are the precise and the exact, we cannot attribute imperfections to God and error is an imperfection, the gifts are free from error. The spiritual gifts increase life, what happens when you have to choose between truth and life?, as for example in the case of the white lies. When the truth is not enough the spiritual gifts are life. When an action is progressive, that is, it is a path, when an action is the precise and the exact and when the action increases life, that action is ethical, it is a spiritual gift. The assertiveness, the aim (being precise and exact), together with a progressive life plan, are the seeds of prosperity and the accumulation of wealth. We need good plans to prosper, and not only that, but to know "the when", that is to have reasonable periods of time. The wisdom that is to say, the "science" in terms of the Old Testament, gives us the rules to be assertive, we cannot be assertive without wisdom. Jesus teach to us the Parable of the Sower (Luke 8: 4-8) that those who bear fruit, that is, those who prosper, are those who acquire wisdom, retain it and put it into practice with constancy (spiritual gift of piety). The progressive constancy applied to the everyday life does true "miracles." Ultimately abundance, prosperity and wealth are blessings of the blessed life, that is, of living the spiritual gifts inherit from God (living according to the spirit).

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    Friday, 11 July 2014 17:08
    New book retired from Editorial

    The latest version of the tractate in spanish retired from Editorial Dunken on July 11, 2014

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    Tuesday, 15 July 2014 11:05
    Interview in Radio Fm Signs 92.5

    My interview in the program of Estela, the Pandora`s Box, on Fm Signs. Tuesday 10 to 11 a.m. in 92.5 Fm. Link to the radio: http://www.fmsignos.com.ar/index.html

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