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The abundance, the prosperity and the wealth are the result of the minimization of error in the long term, that is, when we act ethically for a prolonged period of time, in simpler terms "work hard" with applied intelligence. Heresy, that is, the teaching of error and the ignorance are the origin of the culture of poverty. You cannot prosper in the long term without ethics, as the prophet says in Hosea 4: 6: "My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge".
The sermon on the mountain (Matthew 5, Luke 6) given by Jesus explains that the divine blessings are for those who choose the blessed life, that is, the ethical life. But when an action is ethical? When an action is blessed? When an action is guided by the holy spirit? God is the perfection in the highest degree, to God correspond the perfections of all things. The gifts are perfections ("Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect", Matthew 5:48). To say that God is perfect and that gifts are perfections is to say that God is the source of the good and that all the spiritual gifts are good. Everything that is perfect is by itself good because it is complete. This is why living the spiritual gifts is living ethically. Jesus says "I am the way, the truth and the life", John 14: 6. The spiritual gifts are way because we grow, the spiritual gifts tend to improvement, increasing, the gifts are progressive, that is the reason why Jesus teaches with Parables, to teach the progressiveness of the spiritual gifts. The spiritual gifts have a condition of truth, that is, they are the precise and the exact, we cannot attribute imperfections to God and error is an imperfection, the gifts are free from error. The spiritual gifts increase life, what happens when you have to choose between truth and life?, as for example in the case of the white lies. When the truth is not enough the spiritual gifts are life. When an action is progressive, that is, it is a path, when an action is the precise and the exact and when the action increases life, that action is ethical, it is a spiritual gift. The assertiveness, the aim (being precise and exact), together with a progressive life plan, are the seeds of prosperity and the accumulation of wealth. We need good plans to prosper, and not only that, but to know "the when", that is to have reasonable periods of time. The wisdom that is to say, the "science" in terms of the Old Testament, gives us the rules to be assertive, we cannot be assertive without wisdom. Jesus teach to us the Parable of the Sower (Luke 8: 4-8) that those who bear fruit, that is, those who prosper, are those who acquire wisdom, retain it and put it into practice with constancy (spiritual gift of piety). The progressive constancy applied to the everyday life does true "miracles." Ultimately abundance, prosperity and wealth are blessings of the blessed life, that is, of living the spiritual gifts inherit from God (living according to the spirit).

The Concupiscence is fundamentally the disordered desires, which focused on the apparent goods, incline man to error and suffering. The disordered desires deprives man of his true good or his only good: the bliss. That is the principle that orders the universe.
The bliss is from the spiritual and ethical point of view a ordering principle because by the law of the return (you reap what your sow) retributes blessing to the edifying and progressive and curse to the chaotic and destructive, that is to say "two paths, two retributions", this is expressed in the Psalm of the two ways (Psalm 1) of the Old Testament and the 4 beatitudes (Luke 6: 20-23) and 4 curses (Luke 6: 24-26) of the Gospel of Luke.
The rewards of the bliss are the fruits of the spirit: peace, joy. On the other hand, the retribution of sin (the path of error) is clear: the ruin and the death, we are responsible for the path that we choose in one way or another.
To talk about consupiscence is to talk about greed. About the nature of concupiscence the new testament explains:
"When tempted, no one should say, "God is tempting me". For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone; but each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full grown, gives birth to death." James 1:13-15.
The ten commandments make a clear reference to the problem of concupiscence and it is considered a serious fault, the tenth commandment in Exodus 20:17 says:
"You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
Also Jesus in the gospels makes a mention to the subject of concupiscence:
"But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart", Matthew 5:28.
The virtue of temperance, according to Aristotle, is the virtue of the irrational part of the man that acts on the moderation of desires and passions.

The teachings of Jesus in the Gospel of Saint Matthew begin with the promulgation of the Kingdom of God in the Sermon on the Mount, this invitation to enter into the Kingdom of God is expressed in the famous 8 beatitudes or promises. The Kingdom of God begins with this teaching: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven", Matthew 5:3.
Thomas Aquinas teach us about the beatitudes: "all the beatitudes belong to the perfection of the spiritual life", and this corresponds to poverty, to leave everything for the Kingdom of God.
There is a teaching of Jesus about poverty, the story of the young rich:"Just then a man came up to Jesus and asked, "Teacher, what good things must I do to get eternal life?". "Why do you ask me about what is good?" Jesus replied. "There is only one who is good. If you want to enter life, keep the commandments". "Which ones? he inquired". Jesus replied, "You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself". "All these I have kept", the young man said. "What do I steal lack?". Jesus answered, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possesions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me". When the young man heard these, he went away sad, because he had great wealth". Matthew 19:16-22.
Jesus calls us to avoid the pride that comes from the accumulation of wealth: "Someone in the crowd said to him, "Teacher tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me". Jesus replied, "Man, who appointed me a judge or an arbiter between you? Then he said to them, "Watch out" Be on your guard against all kind of greed; life does not consist in an abundance of possessions", Luke 12:13-15.
We must understand the concept of poverty of spirit as "spiritual begging", as an attitude of humility and devotion to the wisdom of God. To have poverty of spirit corresponds to the gift Piety or Fear of the Lord, as Thomas Aquinas explains in the Summa Theologiae. This is why it is the first beatitude. The Kingdom of God begins with the Piety: "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom" Proverbs 9:10.

 

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    The latest version of the tractate in spanish retired from Editorial Dunken on July 11, 2014

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