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The spirituality consists in living the spiritual gifts, the blessed life. The gifts are magnificences and excellences of the divine, they are the maximum virtues of man. The concept of spirit appears for the first time in the Bible, Book of Genesis about the creation; and more precisely in the Gospels of Jesus. In the Gospels there is no mention of the soul, it is only the Apostle Paul in his letter that mentions the triple division of man in: body, soul and spirit. Spirituality is summarized in a teaching of Christ: "Be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect," Matthew 5:48.
The greek philosophy, with Aristotle and Plato, study the moral, or to say the "soul." The studies of Greek philosophy focus on the study of an intermediate state between good and evil. The virtues of the soul are not gifts, for example justice is a central virtue of the soul, but justice is not a perfection, a gift, because equity completes justice. The gifts are complete, that is, they can not be superated or improved, for example: mercy, perseverance, peace, concord are perfect gifts or virtues.
The understanding of spirituality requires the progressive thinking, the development of the thought from the simple to the complex. Only when we understand the divine substance, the spirit, is when we understand the phenomenon of progressivity, the gifts are progressive, thence the affirmation in the epistle to the Ephesians:

"Be renewed in the spirit of your mind", Ephesians 4:23

Receiving a new spirit is the result of the growth, of the improvement, of man. The nature of the egg is the chicken, the nature of the worm is the butterfly, the nature of man is conformity to God. This conformity requires a new birth. All the parables of Jesus about the spirit refer to progressivity, improvement, growth.
Spirituality is edifying, expansive, progressive, evolutionary, benevolent, just; reject the error and the falsehood. God grants immortality, eternal life, wisdom to those who seek excellence within and outside of themselves (Letter to Romans 2: 7, Book of Wisdom 8:17), to those who seek the correct and the best. Those who do so receive the new birth, the birth of the spirit: "what is born of the flesh is flesh and what is born of the spirit is spirit", John 3: 6 to conclude: "Nobody can see the Kingdom of God unless they are born again ", John 3: 3

Resuscitate in the Scholastic Metaphysics is to revive with an incorruptible body, that is to say, Thomas Aquinas speaks about the perfect Immortality, the Immortality with Immutability: "because every change is like a death", Summa Theologiae Q 50 A5. About the incorruptible life Thomas tells us that it is proper of God and the angels. That's why Jesus says:

"I am the resurrection and the life", John 11:25

Jesus personifies the perfections of God, Jesus is "son of man", in theology death is the fruit of the sin. By this in a proper sense only Jesus resurrect again: John 20, Luke 24, Mark 16, Matthew 28.
The "lazarus resurrection" in Luke 11 is a simple "metaphor" of the gospel, "Lazarus" revived, not resurrected. The resurrection as grace is framed in the theological aspect of the Kingdom of God, together with the affirmations of the "I am".
In scholastic metaphysics the resurrection of Jesus is the pre-announcement of the resolution of the problem of evil. With the resurrection of Jesus, hope emerges in an eschatological sense: "Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled, where there is knowledge it will pass away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when completeness comes, what is in part disappears", 1 Corinthians 13:8.
With the arrival of the apocalypse, error ceases its dominion over the world and the resurrection of the saints arises: "this is the first resurrection" Revelation 20: 6. In the Summa Theologiae it is affirm: "to the saints is promised equality with the angels" Q 62.
Resurrection as grace responds to the order and increase of the perfection of the universe, that is, to the action of the divine Providence in the history of man.

The angels and archangels are according to the gospel spirits administrators: Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?, Hebrews 1:14. That is, they are administrators of the divine wisdom, this administration can consist of contemplation: "angels enjoy a holy and pious contemplation", Summa Theologiae Q 58, A1, or reveal, communicate to men the mysteries of God: "the prophets are instructed by the angels" Summa Theologiae Q 57 A5.
The celestial minds or understandings serve to the perfection of the universe and the divine providence, their study is fundamental in the scholastic theology.
Angel means messenger (Summa Theologiae Q 108, A5), and Thomas Aquinas explains: "The ecclesiastical hierarchy is derived from the celestial hierarchy" Q 106 A 3, that is, exists in the empyrean heaven a hierarchy of celestial spirits, the first hierarchy is: the seraphim, cherubim and thrones; the second hierarchy or principality: dominations, virtues and powers; the third: principalities, archangels and angels.
The first principality is in the old testament, the second and third hierarchy of celestial beings is due to Ephesians 1:21: "God constituted Christ as man over all principality, and power, and virtue, and dominion" (Q. 108, A2); and the Letter to the Colossians: "For him all things where created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominations or principalities, or powers; all things have been created for him", Colossians 1:16.
Thomas Aquinas reminds us: "to the saints is promise equality with the angels" Summa Theologiae Q 62, A 5, that is to say, that by eternal life we are participants in the life of the angels, holiness consist to receive the eternal life . And what is eternal life? Very simple, the same knowledge of God: "this is eternal life that they may know you the only true God", John 17: 3.
This is why we can affirm that the goal of the spiritual life is the neighborhood, the communion with the angels and the celestial spirits.


  • New book retired from Editorial
    Friday, 11 July 2014 17:08
    New book retired from Editorial

    The latest version of the tractate in spanish retired from Editorial Dunken on July 11, 2014

  • The new book in Editorial Dunken
    Friday, 11 July 2014 17:29
    The new book in Editorial Dunken

    You can buy the lastest version of the tractate more complete than the free version in the web in Editorial Dunken, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

  • Interview in Radio Fm Signs 92.5
    Tuesday, 15 July 2014 11:05
    Interview in Radio Fm Signs 92.5

    My interview in the program of Estela, the Pandora`s Box, on Fm Signs. Tuesday 10 to 11 a.m. in 92.5 Fm. Link to the radio:

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