The art of listening is also known as sacred listening in the Old Testament, as exact justice in the books of Aristotle, and as Spiritual Gift of Counsel according to the scholastic books, Tomas de Aquino in particular.
The gift of counsel is one of the 7 gifts of the Holy Spirit: listen, that is, perceive with attention; meditate with intuition and inspiration, decide creatively.
This gift or perfect virtue makes use of the faculties of the spirit which are intuition, inspiration and creativity. The gift of counsel differs from prudence in that, this virtue (prudence) makes use of the faculties of the soul: fantasy and imagination. Prudence responds to the soul, the counsel to the spirit. Known cases of this perfect virtue are: "Give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar", Luke 10:25: "But let the one who has never sinned throw the first stone", John 8: 7.
Through this gift we emulate God, that is, we resolve by capturing the personality of God. According to Aristotle, in his book Rhetoric, emulation is the opposite to underestimation, the great personalities are emulated, to emulate is to imitate with the desire to match.
Thomas Aquinas defines the gifts as perfections and being the counsel a maximum virtue in its genre is a gift. Thomas Aquinas considers it a gift of the understanding among with the gifts of knowledge and discernment. Thomas Aquinas define the word of God as "wisdom engendered by the council", that is, the Word of God is the fruit of the listening.
The characteristics of the art of listening are precision and accuracy, the exact justice seeks the truth. Now, if the characteristics of the Spiritual Gift of Counsel are precision and accuracy. What is the Justice? What is the sin?
The answer is very simple: Justice and sin are forms of error. The teaching of error is called heresy. Heretic means master of error.
The Golden Rule, and the Gift of Counsel indicate the right path, to do the correct thing because it is the correct thing, the virtues or values, the commandments are forms of error. We are called to live the spiritual gifts inherit from God.