The ten commandments are a list of imperatives, orders and advice that describe the common sense and the morality of the ancient world, according to the Bible were dictated by God to Moses and are listed in Deuteronomy 5: 6-22:
I am the Lord your God who brought you out Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
You shall have no other gods before me
You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.
Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
Honor your father and your mother.
You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor's house or land.
The Ten commandments are resume by Jesus in simply two:
"Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself. All the law an the Prophets hang on these two commandments", Mark 22:27.
This simplification of 10 to 2 is due to the fact that the old law becomes impracticable, in the story of the donkey and the pit: "If one of you has a child or an ox that falls into a well on the Sabbath day, will you not immediately pull it out", Luke 14: 5. In this case the 4 commandment is opposed to life.
The reduction is also due to the fact that the old Law does not respond to the beatitudes, this is evident in the dialogue between the Pharisee Nicodemus who is a doctor of the Law of Moses and Jesus, the Pharisee Nicodemus loyal practitioner of the Law does not understand the truths of the spirit:
"Very trully I tell you, no one can see the Kingdom of God unless they are born again.
How can someone be born when they are old? Nicodemus asked. Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother's womb to be born!", John 3:1-4.
This text in the Gospel of John tells us about the infusion of Wisdom, which is a truth of the spirit. The two commandments given by Jesus, which are a summary of the ten, are blessed commandments, related with the life of the spirit.