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The metaphysics in the resurrection of Jesus

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Resuscitate in the Scholastic Metaphysics is to revive with an incorruptible body, that is to say, Thomas Aquinas speaks about the perfect Immortality, the Immortality with Immutability: "because every change is like a death", Summa Theologiae Q 50 A5. About the incorruptible life Thomas tells us that it is proper of God and the angels. That's why Jesus says:


"I am the resurrection and the life", John 11:25


Jesus personifies the perfections of God, Jesus is "son of man", in theology death is the fruit of the sin. By this in a proper sense only Jesus resurrect again: John 20, Luke 24, Mark 16, Matthew 28.
The "lazarus resurrection" in Luke 11 is a simple "metaphor" of the gospel, "Lazarus" revived, not resurrected. The resurrection as grace is framed in the theological aspect of the Kingdom of God, together with the affirmations of the "I am".
In scholastic metaphysics the resurrection of Jesus is the pre-announcement of the resolution of the problem of evil. With the resurrection of Jesus, hope emerges in an eschatological sense: "Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled, where there is knowledge it will pass away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when completeness comes, what is in part disappears", 1 Corinthians 13:8.
With the arrival of the apocalypse, error ceases its dominion over the world and the resurrection of the saints arises: "this is the first resurrection" Revelation 20: 6. In the Summa Theologiae it is affirm: "to the saints is promised equality with the angels" Q 62.
Resurrection as grace responds to the order and increase of the perfection of the universe, that is, to the action of the divine Providence in the history of man.

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